A Christmas Carol was a story written by Charles Dickens. It depicted the haunting of a miserly character named Ebenezer Scrooge by four spirits, who were determined to teach him the meaning of Christmas, so he might regain his holiday spirit.
Data employed a holonovel of the story in 2367 to study "method acting". He attempted to discover emotions of his own by recreating them in performance through this technique. Data noted the way fear was used to motivate the evil Scrooge to redeem himself. (TNG: "Devil's Due")
In 2371, Tom Paris related to Harry Kim that the reason he confessed and lost his commission and was sent to prison was "those three dead officers came to me in the middle of the night and taught me the true meaning of Christmas". (VOY: "Caretaker")
Patrick Stewart, who plays Captain Picard, is famous for portraying Scrooge in various productions, including a 1999 TV movie version, and a one man theatre show in 2005. Other Trek alumni also appeared in various adaptations of the Dickens story. William Shatner and James Cromwell co-starred in a 2003 modernized TV movie version, A Carol Christmas, while Vanessa Williams starred in another modernized TV adaptation, A Diva's Christmas Carol, in 2000. The latest, 2009 feature film adaptation featured Fionnula Flanagan, while the 1988 comedy Scrooged featured John Glover, Michael J. Pollard, Alfre Woodard and Logan Ramsey.