A few years prior to 2267, Janet and Theodore Wallace performed experiments using carbohydrate compounds to slow the aging of plants at the Federation outpost on this planet. (TOS: "The Deadly Years")
According to Startrek.com, the Aldebaran (Bayer designation Alpha Tauri) system was located 68 light years from the Sol system. Aldebaran had a spectral classification of K5. The article's writer believed this planet and Aldebaron III were the same planet. The planet was a long-time Federation member.