Bowling was a sport practiced in the Federation. It was played in a Bowling alley.
Proxima Centauri hosted its own bowling league, the Proxima Centauri Interplanetary Bowling League. (TNG: "The Schizoid Man")
Data once tried telling a joke about "A monk, a clone and a Ferengi who decide to go bowling". (TNG: "The Outrageous Okona")