(written from a Production point of view)
James W. Rugg (29 January 1919 – 13 February 2004; age 85), also known as Jim Rugg, was an Emmy Award-nominated special effects supervisor who worked on all three seasons of Star Trek: The Original Series. He was responsible for the live, in-production special effects, such as explosions.
During his long career in television, Rugg designed special effects for such shows as Mission: Impossible, Hawaii Five-O, Barnaby Jones (starring Lee Meriwether), Cannon, and Perry Mason. He also worked on several feature films, such as River of No Return (1954, with Hal Baylor), Mary Poppins (1964), and Douglas Trumbull's 1972 science fiction film Silent Running, which also featured special effects and visual effects work by Jim Dow, Paul Kraus, Don Trumbull, John Dykstra, Richard Alexander, Robert Shepherd, Richard Yuricich, Bill Shourt, and Trumbull himself.
Rugg retired in 1981. He died in 2004 of Alzheimer's disease.