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For filming models used in Star Trek productions, please see Studio model.
A model is typically a small-scaled reproduction of a large item such as a building, a sailing ship, a starship, or a space station and is commonly employed for decorative, illustrative, recreational, or instructional purposes.
In his childhood, Miles O'Brien had spent many years building model starship engines. (TNG: "All Good Things...")
When Neelix was young, he built accurate scale models of orbital tethers. He later claimed to have "worked on an orbital tether". (VOY: "Rise")
Jake Sisko, as a child, played with starship models. When he took an interest in Bajoran girls, his father playfully asked him, "Wasn't it a few weeks ago that you were playing with model starships?" Jake, however, corrected him by reminding him that it was more like "a few years ago." (DS9: "Move Along Home")
In 2365, Worf tried to build a model of a sailing ship but was interrupted by his door chime and broke the ship's mast. He also kept a metallic model of the D7-class in his quarters. (TNG: "Peak Performance")
In 2366, a model of a refit-Constitution-class starship was on display in Drafting Room 5 of the Mars Station at the Utopia Planitia Fleet Yards, recreated by Geordi La Forge on the holodeck of the USS "Enterprise"-D. Alongside the refit-Constitution-class starship model, a smaller model of a pre-refit configuration and a Klingon D7-class model were also on display, whereas else in the room a model of a Galaxy-class starship was displayed as well. (TNG: "Booby Trap")
The refit-Constitution-class model was a reuse of the model seen previously.
The D7-class model was a reuse of Worf's model, previously seen in "Peak Performance", whereas the smaller original Constitution-class model originated from the smaller, 1:1600 scaled, 1984 or 1989 issue of the three-piece AMT model kit, No. 6677.
The Miranda-class model was of the USS Saratoga and constructed from the modified, newly released AMT/Ertl model kit, no. 8766. The Nebula-class model, the same one as described above in "Future Imperfect" (though the two small nacelles were soon replaced by a modified sensor pod), was an inaccurate depiction of the Nebula-class version Melbourne, but as mentioned above, the Melbourne was later revealed to be an Excelsior-class starship.
The model of the space shuttle docked with the International Space Station was given to the series as a gift by Majel Barrett-Roddenberry. The art department staff made one minor alteration on the model; changing the name of the shuttle to bear that of the Enterprise (OV-101), even though that orbiter never made it into space in real life. (Star Trek Encyclopedia, 3rd ed., p. 619)
In 2369, Keiko O'Brien's classroom aboard Deep Space 9 featured five starship models, including Miranda-, Galaxy-, Daedalus-, and Nebula-class starships as well as one other, unidentified vessel. (DS9: "The Nagus")
The four identified models were all reuses of the models seen previously
Only the tip of the saucer and a shadow cast on the wall of this model was discernible in First Contact. It was cast from John Eaves' own study model and only used in this movie. For further information, see: Sovereign-class model
Discovered through a stroke of luck, the model of the Alamo was bought off-the-shelf by Set Decorator Laura Richarz for the episode, just in time for filming. The Alamo defenders were actual HO/OO-scale Alamo toy figurines, but the Mexicans were not, as Richarz could not locate any. She therefore utilized the closest approximations, Napoleonic War-era French soldiers. (Star Trek: The Magazine Volume 1, Issue 9, p. 112)