Sculptures of the USS Enterprise-B and USS Enterprise-C adorned the wall of the observation lounge on the USS Enterprise-D during the first few years of that vessel's service. (Star Trek: The Next Generation)
Later that year, Mrs. Narsu's class were working on clay sculptures on board the USS Enterprise-D. Lieutenant Commander Data was also present in an attempt to "work on his imagination". Counselor Deanna Troi suggested he try something more "abstract" after he produced a sculpture of a Federation data PADD. She suggested he sculpt something to do with music, to which he responded by sculpting a treble clef. (TNG: "Masks")
The Eventualist movement was a school of classical sculpture.
In 2374, Kathryn Janeway tried to illustrate to Seven of Nine the importance of relaxation and artistic expression by having her sculpt a head made out of clay in the Leonardo da Vinci holodeck program. Seven found the exercise to be unproductive. (VOY: "The Raven")