(written from a Production point of view)
|"Who Mourns for Adonais?"|
|TOS, Episode 2x04|
Production number: 60333
First aired: 22 September 1967
Remastered version aired: 12 January 2008
|←||34th of 80 produced in TOS||→|
|←||31st of 80 released in TOS||→|
|←||53rd of 80 released in TOS Remastered||→|
|←||31st of 728 released in all||→|
| Written By|
The Enterprise is captured by an alien claiming to be Apollo, the Greek god of the sun.
Scotty is flirting with Lieutenant Carolyn Palamas on the bridge while Kirk and McCoy lightly tease him. As the USS Enterprise nears the planet Pollux IV, a huge green hand made of energy materializes in space, catching and holding the ship.
Scanner five-seven displays the ghostly, laurel-wreathed head of a man. Claiming the eons have passed, he welcomes the Enterprise crew, congratulating his "beloved children" for leaving their plains and valleys and making a "bold venture" into deep space. Among other things, this being claims familiarity with Earth of five thousand years ago, dropping the names of individuals alive then. Captain Kirk's repeated demands for freedom finally irritate him, and he threatens to "close his hand" and crush the ship – a threat sufficiently credible that Kirk agrees to visit the planet with his officers, expressly omitting Spock.
The landing party consists of Kirk, McCoy, Scotty, Chekov and Palamas, who is trained in archaeology, anthropology, and ancient civilizations, all fields likely to be of some use. They meet the being responsible for their capture, a being familiar with ancient Earth, who introduces himself as Apollo. Despite his claims, McCoy's scans show him to be a "simple humanoid".
Apollo claims he and others – Zeus, Athena, Aphrodite, Hera, Hermes and Artemis – were a "gallant band of travelers" who visited Earth some five thousand years ago. He demands to be worshipped, and in return offers a simple yet pleasurable life. He reveals himself as petulant and arrogant – qualities that correspond to his depictions as a god. But he controls a dangerous power, as the crew discover in a number of ways: phasers are fused, the transporter device and communicators are inoperative, and individuals are injured by lightning strikes or other willful acts. Moreover, he has developed a romantic interest in Palamas.
Despite his impressive array of tricks, the Enterprise landing party refuses to treat Apollo as a god. Aboard the ship, Spock is proceeding under the same assumption, and the crew may be making headway: Uhura rigs a subspace bypass circuit to restore communications, and Sulu discovers a strange radiated power with no clear source.
Apollo, meanwhile, has taken Palamas away from the rest of the Enterprise crew. He tells her the gods left Earth when mankind turned away from them. They returned to their home, an empty place without worshipers. But they lacked the strength to leave, and so they waited. And over the course of time, all but Apollo discorporated. Apollo claims the gods are immortal, and can't die, at least, not the way Humans understand death. But even they eventually reach a point of no return; they "spread themselves upon the wind... thinner, and thinner, until only the wind remained..." He then mentions that he "knew [Carolyn] would come to the stars" and be forever by his side as his queen. Palamas doesn't understand, but Apollo seduces her by saying that fifty centuries ago, gods took mortals with them to love and care for, as his parents did.
Apollo returns to the landing party and tells them Palamas is no concern to them anymore. Scotty is enraged and charges at Apollo with a vase, but the god strikes him down with a bolt of lightning. As on the Enterprise, the landing party has discovered the energy flow but is equally unable to isolate it. Chekov's theory is that Apollo can channel this flow of energy through his body without harm to himself. Finding the source of this energy is top priority. McCoy notes that, although Apollo is generally a standard humanoid, he has a mysterious extra organ in his chest. Chekov observes that, as Apollo vanishes, he appears tired or pained. It seems that Apollo has a limited reservoir, and when he expends too much energy, he must retreat and recharge. Aboard ship, Spock proposes to generate M-rays on selected wavelengths to punch a few holes in Apollo's force field.
On Apollo's return, the landing party attempts to goad him into attacking someone; their goal is to force him to expend his power, and weaken him so that he might be overpowered. But Palamas, who was not part of the plan, ruins it in her well-meaning attempt to save Kirk from Apollo's wrath. Kirk begins to devise another plan – but notes that it depends on Palamas' loyalty.
Palamas has fallen in love with Apollo, who has told her she will be his consort, the mother of a new race of gods, and will inspire the universe. Palamas is returned to the landing party, weakened and content. Palamas tells Kirk of Apollo's plans for the crew to live on the surface of the planet, but Kirk tells her she has work to do. "All our lives, here and on the ship, depend on you." She must spurn Apollo; to do otherwise condemns the crew to "nothing less than slavery." Palamas reveals sympathy for Apollo's plan, but Kirk speaks to her of duty, orders, and the humanity she shares with Kirk and cannot share with Apollo, and seems to be getting through to Palamas – when Apollo summons her back.
Spock determines that the god's powers come from his temple. The Enterprise has used Spock's technique to pierce the force field around the ship. The ship could fire phasers, but Kirk needs to know where Apollo and Palamas are first.
Apollo and Palamas are kissing passionately, but then Palamas tells Apollo she has merely been studying him; she could no more love him than love "a new species of bacteria." Of course, she is lying through her teeth when she says this, and is broken-hearted, but she must put responsibility before love and duty before desire, no matter how reluctant she is to do so. She walks away, and there is wind and thunder, noticed by the rest of the landing party. Carolyn appears near the temple, and a gigantic Apollo looms nearby. Kirk angles to lure Apollo closer to the temple – his power source – and orders phaser fire to destroy the temple, despite the proximity of the landing party. The Enterprise shudders but continues firing until the temple is destroyed.
Apollo, rejected by a mortal woman and bereft of his powers, asks for the humans' forgiveness and spreads himself upon the winds to join his fellow gods. After he is gone, McCoy and Kirk regret what they had to do. Now believing that Apollo was the god of the ancient Greeks, Kirk talks about all that Apollo's people gave to the earth, and wonders whether another outcome was possible.
- "Captain's log, stardate 3468.1. While approaching Pollux IV, a planet in the Beta Geminorum system, the Enterprise has been stopped in space by an unknown force of some kind."
"Bones, could you get that excited over a cup of coffee?"
"Even from here, I can tell his pulse rate's up."
- - Kirk and McCoy observe Scott flirting with Palamas
"I like to think of it not so much as losing an officer as gaining... Actually, I'm losing an officer."
- - Kirk to McCoy, about Scotty and the consequences of his love for Carolyn
"But do not bring that one. The one with the pointed ears. He is much like Pan. And Pan always bored me."
- - Apollo, inviting the Enterprise crew to Pollux IV except Spock
"Insults are effective only where emotion is present."
- - Spock, on his rejection by Apollo
"I am Apollo!"
"And I am the tsar of all the Russias!"
- - Apollo and Chekov, as Apollo identifies himself
"To coin a phrase, fascinating."
- - McCoy, after the giant Apollo suddenly looks tired and vanishes
"A god cannot survive as a memory."
- - Apollo to Palamas, explaining why the other gods withered away
"Spock's contaminating this boy, Jim."
- - McCoy, as Chekov provides Kirk detailed information
"He disappeared again like the cat in that Russian story."
"Don't you mean the English story? The Cheshire Cat?"
"Cheshire? No... Minsk, perhaps..."
- - Kirk and Chekov, after Apollo attacks Scott again and vanishes
"Approach me. I said approach me!"
"We're busy! (to Scotty) Look after the girl."
"You will gather laurel leaves! Light the ancient fires! Kill a deer! Make your sacrifices to me! Apollo has spoken!!"
- - Apollo and Kirk
"I offer you more than your wildest dreams have ever imagined. You'll become the mother of a new race of gods. You'll inspire the universe. All men will revere you, almost as a god yourself. And I shall love you, time without end, worlds without end. You shall complete me, and I you."
- - Apollo to Palamas
"Mankind has no need for gods. We find the one quite adequate."
- - Kirk to Apollo, on how humanity has changed since Apollo left Earth
"A father doesn't destroy his children."
- - Palamas, pleading with Apollo to spare Kirk's life
"We share the same history, the same heritage, the same lives. We're tied together beyond any untying. Man or woman, it makes no difference. We're human."
- - Kirk, convincing Palamas to reject Apollo
"The time has passed. There is no room for gods."
- - Apollo, before he fades away for the last time
"I wish we hadn't had to do this."
"So do I. They gave us so much .... In a way, they began the Golden Age. Would it have hurt us, I wonder, just to have gathered a few laurel leaves?"
- - McCoy and Kirk, lamenting on the death of the Greek gods
- Story idea "Olympus Revisited" by Gene Roddenberry: 5 December 1966
- Story outline by Gilbert Ralston: 8 March 1967
- First draft teleplay: 7 April 1967
- Second draft teleplay: 19 April 1967
- Revised second draft by Gene L. Coon: 8 May 1967
- Final draft teleplay by Coon: 15 May 1967
- Revised final draft by D.C. Fontana: 26 May 1967
- Second revised final draft by Roddenberry: 29 May 1967
- Additional page revisions by Coon: 31 May 1967, 1 June 1967
- Filmed: 31 May 1967 – 8 June 1967
- Score recording: 12 July 1967
- Original airdate: 22 September 1967
- Rerun airdate: 10 May 1968
- First UK airdate: 27 April 1970
Story and production Edit
- The title is taken from Adonais: An Elegy on the Death of John Keats by Percy Bysshe Shelley. Line 415 reads "Who mourns for Adonais?". Shelley's Adonais is derived from Adonis, a male figure of Greek mythology associated with fertility. Also, "Adonais" would be the English plural of the Hebrew Spoken Name of God, so it would mean "Who Mourns for Gods?"
- According to Allan Asherman's The Star Trek Compendium, an abandoned ending to this episode would have revealed that Palamas was pregnant by Apollo (see Apocrypha). Shortly after the production of the episode concluded, costume designer William Ware Theiss, who designed the gown of Palamas, said that he preferred this ending, "Because I'm hung up on Greek mythology, I always preferred the script in the version the studio killed, wherein the ending is bittersweet rather than tragic. Dr. McCoy discovers the young female officer is due to bear the child of Apollo." (Inside Star Trek, issue 7, p. 5) In fact, James Blish uses this ending in his adaptation of the episode in Star Trek 7:
- KIRK: "Yes, Bones? Somebody ill?"
- McCOY: "Carolyn Palamas rejected her breakfast this mornin."
- KIRK: "Some bug going around?"
- McCOY: "She's pregnant, Jim. I've just examined her."
- KIRK: "What?"
- McCOY: "You heard me."
- KIRK: "Apollo?"
- McCOY: "Yes"
- KIRK: "Bones, it's impossible!"
- McCOY: "Spock, may I put a question to this gadget of yours? I'd like to ask it if I'm to turn my Sickbay into a delivery room for a human child–or a god. My medical courses did not include obstetrics for infant gods."
- In the original script, the gods and other mythological figures were mentioned in their Latin names, but in the revised final draft (and the finished episode) they are called by their original Greek equivalents (possibly for the suggestion of series researcher Kellam de Forest).
- The plot of "The God Thing", Gene Roddenberry's rejected script for the first motion picture, was similar to this episode's. Star Trek V: The Final Frontier also covered much the same ground.
- Arch Dalzell acted as the director of photography for two days of the shoot, as regular cinematographer Jerry Finnerman had fallen ill. Finnerman resumed work after two days, finishing the episode. (These Are the Voyages: TOS Season Two) 
- Gilbert Ralston's original story was heavily revised by Gene L. Coon for it to become the episode as ultimately featured. Coon remained otherwise uncredited for it. Partially in error in his belief that the episode was Coon's, his friend and protégé Russell Bates intended his Emmy Award-winning Animated Series episode, "How Sharper Than a Serpent's Tooth", as a subtle homage to the episode. 
Cast and characters Edit
- According to Michael Forest, the producers originally wanted Jon Voight for the role of Apollo, however he was hired for another project. 
- The producers were looking for someone with an English dialect and Shakespearean theatrics to pull off the Apollo role. First, they wanted to find someone in England, but rather decided to look for an actor at the San Diego Shakespeare festival. The head of the theatre recommended Michael Forest, who was already in Hollywood, making films at the time. Forest was called in for an audition, where he first had to take off his shirt, to let them see if he had the muscles needed for the part. Next, they asked him to read some lines in a British accent. Forest refused, claiming he couldn't do it, but is able to speak in a Mid-Atlantic accent, probably more suitable for the character. He did it, and they gave him the role. 
- Forest previously co-starred with Leonard Nimoy in Jean Genet's theatrical play, Deathwatch and the subsequent movie adaptation, which also featured Robert Ellenstein and a score by Gerald Fried.
Props and special effects Edit
- In the trailer, the phasers fired by the Enterprise at the temple are blue. In the episode itself, they are red. They would once again be blue in the remastered version of this episode (see below).
- A traveling matte was used to allow a giant Apollo to appear with the landing party in the foreground at the end of act one. (The Star Trek Compendium, p. 73)
- Apollo's temple was constructed on an indoor studio set. Swaying trees (courtesy of hidden stagehands) and dubbed-in bird sounds were combined with stock footage of an outdoor lake and adequately conveyed the illusion of being outdoors. (The Star Trek Compendium, p. 73)
- Leslie Parrish would wear the famous Bill Theiss dress again in another Desilu/Paramount show: a 1968 episode of Mannix entitled "The Girl in the Frame."
- The scene where Apollo flips Scotty to the side was actually executed by stunt double, Jay Jones, who was wearing a special harness with which he was pulled backward on cue. (The Star Trek Compendium, p. 73). Jones nearly slammed into a step prop which could have caused serious injury.
- The second season blooper reel shows Michael Forest parading very effeminately in his Apollo costume. Mr. Forest was supposedly displeased with his costume, and this was his way of showing it. The blooper briefly cuts to William Shatner rolling his eyes and Forest blowing a kiss.
- In the original version, the hand holding the Enterprise disappears when the starship fires the phasers at Apollo's temple. In the remastered version, the Enterprise phasers fire through the hand, which then starts to dissolve then finally disappear.
- In "The Ultimate Computer", Kirk can be seen operating in his cabin the small computer on which Sulu attempts to calculate weak points in the force field, just before McCoy enters with the Finagle's Folly.
- Fred Steiner's score for this episode is among the strongest in the entire series, and sections of it are present in many later Star Trek segments, including "Requiem for Methuselah". (The Star Trek Compendium, p. 73)
- This is the only time in TOS that a star is both referred to as its Bayer designation and ancient name, specifically β Geminorum / Pollux.
- Jason Alexander cites this episode as his favorite of the original series, describing it as "thought-provoking, beautiful, and very sad." (TV Guide: Vol. 44, No. 34, Issue #2265, pg. 33)
Remastered information Edit
The remastered version of this episode premiered in syndication the weekend of 12 January 2008. It featured new shots of the giant hand in space and an enhanced version of the phaser attack on Apollo's temple.
- The next remastered episode to air was "Let That Be Your Last Battlefield".
- In Peter David's Star Trek: New Frontier, character Mark McHenry is a descendant of the child of Apollo and Carolyn Palamas (revealed to have been impregnated during the events of this episode), and has at least some of Apollo's powers.
Video and DVD releasesEdit
- Original US Betamax release: 1986
- UK VHS release (two-episode tapes, CIC Video): Volume 18, catalog number VHR 2343, release date unknown
- US VHS release: 15 April 1994
- UK re-release (three-episode tapes, CIC Video): Volume 2.2, 24 February 1997
- Original US DVD release (single-disc): Volume 17, 24 October 2000
- As part of the TOS Season 2 DVD collection
- As part of the TOS-R Season 2 DVD collection
Links and referencesEdit
- James Doohan as Scott
- George Takei as Sulu
- Nichelle Nichols as Uhura
- Walter Koenig as Chekov
- John Winston as Lt. Kyle
- William Blackburn as stand-in for DeForest Kelley
- Frank da Vinci as stand-in for Leonard Nimoy
- Roger Holloway as stand-in for James Doohan
- Jeannie Malone as stand-in for Leslie Parrish
- Eddie Paskey as stand-in for William Shatner
4 billion years ago; 5,000 years ago; A&A officer; Agamemnon; ancient civilizations; anthropology; Antos IV; Aphrodite; Apollo's temple; appendage; archaeology; Athena; Artemis; artisan; atmospheric disturbance; bacteria; Beta Geminorum system; "Bones"; bow; cartographic detail; cartographic section; cartographic scanner; Cassandra; Cheshire Cat; communications system; class M type; coffee; culture; czar; Daphne; deer; Earth; eggshell; electric eel; encyclopedia; English; energy; evolution; flock; force field; giant dry-worm; goat; God; Golden Age; Greece; Greek gods; GSC; Hector; Hera; Hercules; herd; intelligent life; laurel; Leto; logic; lyre; M-rays; Mediterranean; Minsk; Mount Olympus (Olympus); myth; mythology; neural damage; nitrogen; nuclear electronics lab; Odysseus; Olympian; organ; oxygen; Pan; percentages; phaser bank; philosophy; Pollux IV; Pollux V; pulse rate; relic; Russia; Russian; sacramental wine; Saracen; scientist; sheep; shepherd (shepherdess); shock; slavery; social development; space normal; standard orbit; Starbase 12; subspace bypass circuit; thistle; tractor beam; tribesman; tricorder; Zeus
- "Who Mourns for Adonais?" at StarTrek.com, the official Star Trek website
- "Who Mourns for Adonais?" at Memory Beta, the wiki for licensed Star Trek works
- "Who Mourns for Adonais?" at Wikipedia
- "Who Mourns for Adonais?" at MissionLogPodcast.com, a Roddenberry Star Trek podcast
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